Do you struggle with uneven skin tone or pigmentation? Hyperpigmentation, or the colour of our skin, is determined by the amount of melanin present. Many factors can cause excess melanin production, such as sun damage, aging, hormonal changes, and genetics. A pigmentation peel removes dead skin cells and reduces melanin production to improve skin discolouration.
Our blog will cover everything you need to know about pigmentation peels, including how they work, who can benefit from them, and their risks. Keep reading to learn more about this effective treatment option for improving skin tone.
Types Of Pigmentation Peel
Glycolic acid peel
This alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) peel uses glycolic acid, derived from sugar cane, to exfoliate the top layer of the skin. Glycolic acid peels effectively treat hyperpigmentation, fine lines, and wrinkles. These peels can be done at various strengths, ranging from 20% to 70%.
Salicylic acid peel
This type of beta-hydroxy acid (BHA) peel uses salicylic acid derived from willow bark. Salicylic acid peels are known to penetrate deep into the pores, making them an effective treatment for acne-prone skin. Salicylic acid peels also help reduce hyperpigmentation and are often used in conjunction with glycolic acid peels.
Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) peels are a type of medium-depth peel that can treat more severe cases of hyperpigmentation. TCA peels are more potent than glycolic acid or salicylic acid peels, penetrating deeper into the skin. TCA peels are typically done at 10% to 30% concentrations.
These peels use a high concentration of vitamin A to stimulate cell turnover and reduce pigmentation. They are suitable for those with mild to moderate hyperpigmentation and can also improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Benefits of Pigmentation Peel
Improves Skin Tone And Texture
Pigmentation peel helps to improve the overall tone and texture of your skin. It removes dead skin cells, unclogs pores, and stimulates collagen production, leaving your skin looking brighter and smoother.
Pigmentation peels are beneficial for reducing hyperpigmentation, leading to dark skin spots. By targeting the excess melanin that causes hyperpigmentation, pigmentation peel can lighten the affected areas and even your skin tone.
Minimizes The Appearance Of Age spots
Age spots, also known as liver spots, are another common form of skin discolouration that can be treated with pigmentation peel. The peel removes the top layer of skin where the age spots are located, reducing their visibility and creating a more youthful appearance.
Non-Invasive And Quick Procedure
As one of the non-invasive procedures available to dermatologists today, a pigmentation peel can be performed quickly and easily in the clinic. Unlike laser or chemical treatments for hyperpigmentation, no downtime is required for pigmentation peels.
Safe For Most Skin Types
Pigmentation peel is a safe and effective treatment for most skin types, including sensitive skin. The technique is customized to your specific skin type and condition. This ensures you receive the most effective treatment without any adverse side effects.
What To Expect During A Pigmentation Peel?
A pigmentation peel involves applying a chemical solution to your skin. The solution contains ingredients such as alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs), beta-hydroxy acids (BHAs), or trichloroacetic acid (TCA) that exfoliate the outer layer of your skin. This process promotes cell turnover, which can help reduce pigmentation.
Pain and discomfort
You may experience a tingling or burning sensation during the treatment, but it is generally well-tolerated. If you experience excessive pain or discomfort, inform your dermatologist immediately.
Duration of the treatment
The duration of the treatment depends on the type and severity of pigmentation. A pigmentation peel can take anywhere from 15 to 30 minutes.
Number of sessions required
The number of sessions required varies depending on the severity of pigmentation. Usually, 3-6 treatments spaced 4-6 weeks apart may be needed for best results.
Pigmentation Peel Aftercare
Post-Peel Skin Care
After a pigmentation peel, the skin is susceptible and requires gentle care. Avoid using harsh cleansers, exfoliants, or other products that may irritate the skin. Use a gentle cleanser and moisturizer your dermatologist recommends to keep the skin hydrated and protected.
Avoiding Sun Exposure
Sun exposure can worsen hyperpigmentation and increase the risk of complications after a pigmentation peel. Avoid sun exposure as much as possible, especially during peak hours when the sun’s rays are strongest.
Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 daily to protect the skin from harmful UV rays.
Managing Side Effects
It is normal to experience some redness, swelling, or peeling after a pigmentation peel. These side effects usually subside within a few days. To minimize discomfort, apply cool compresses to the skin and avoid picking or scratching at the treated area.
Follow-up appointments with your dermatologist are essential to monitor the healing process and ensure optimal results. Your dermatologist may recommend additional treatments or adjust your skincare regimen based on your needs.
Risk And Side Effects Of Pigmentation Peel
Pigmentation peels can cause hyperpigmentation, a darkening of the skin after treatment. Hyperpigmentation can occur if the peel is applied too deeply or if the skin is exposed to sunlight during healing. While it is a temporary side effect, it can be distressing for some people.
Skin lightens after pigmentation peel treatment, resulting in hypopigmentation. The peel may cause hypopigmentation if applied too profoundly, damaging the pigment-producing cells. It is also a temporary side effect like hyperpigmentation, but it may take longer to resolve.
Infection is a risk associated with any skin treatment that involves breaking the skin’s barrier. Pigmentation peels can cause micro-tears in the skin, making it more susceptible to infection.
Infection can occur if the skin is not cleaned correctly or the peel is applied with contaminated equipment. To minimize this risk, you must choose a qualified and experienced practitioner.
This rare side effect of pigmentation peels occurs when the peel is applied too deeply or the skin does not heal between peels.
Scarring is more common in people with a history of keloid scarring or who have darker skin tones. Before undergoing treatment, speak to a dermatologist about scarring concerns.
Alternatives to Pigmentation Peel
Many over-the-counter creams and serums contain ingredients like hydroquinone, kojic acid, vitamin C, niacinamide, and retinoids, which can help reduce pigmentation.
These products can be applied to the skin daily and help lighten dark spots over time.
Laser treatments, such as IPL (intense pulsed light) therapy, can also help to reduce pigmentation. These treatments use a targeted light source to break up pigmentation in the skin, which is then absorbed by the body and eliminated.
This non-invasive procedure uses a unique tool to remove the outer layer of dead skin cells, which can help reduce the appearance of pigmentation. This treatment is often combined with other therapies, such as chemical peels or topical creams, for the best results.
Like pigmentation, chemical peels involve applying a solution to the skin that causes the top layer to peel off, revealing fresh, new skin underneath. Depending on the severity of pigmentation, different chemical peels may be used.
Using a pigmentation peel, individuals can achieve a more even complexion. Hyperpigmentation, age spots, melasma, and melasma are all treatable with this treatment. To ensure long-lasting results, pigmentation peel requires ongoing care and maintenance.
Working with a skilled skincare professional and following pre- and post-treatment instructions can help individuals get the most out of pigmentation peels.